We source UTZ, Rainforest Alliance and Fairtrade Cocoa Programme certified cocoa as well as cocoa through direct programmes. All the programmes and certification schemes that Fazer uses in cocoa sourcing are audited by a third party.

Fazer’s direct programme in Nigeria was audited in June 2016 and the direct programme in Ecuador in August-September 2017. Below are the key findings and development actions based on the audits.

Direct programme in Ecuador

Key findings from the audit

  • The trainings carried out have had a positive impact on the cocoa-producing families, in terms of improving agricultural practices.
  • Cocoa farmers are committed to the programme.
  • Cocoa farmers are willing to maintain and improve working conditions at their farms.
  • There is a widespread recognition among farmers of the fact that their cocoa is better paid for when they are in the programme.
  • Farmers do not apply the technical recommendations made by the programme technicians and end up implementing the practices that are suggested to them by companies providing agricultural products, such as like chemicals.
  • More focus is needed on farmer health and safety: first aid, personal protective equipment, chemical handling.
  • Need to focus on record keeping.

Development actions

  • Include farmer health and safety to a higher degree in the trainings.
  • Chemical handling and using protective equipment to be highlighted in the trainings.
  • Field technicians trained in integrated pest management, occupational health, waste management, agrochemical management and good agricultural practices. Re-training for the farmers will be implemented in 2018.
  • Provide practical templates for the farmers for record keeping (agricultural insights on the farm, sales and production records, application of agrochemicals and cultural methods, dosage, time of re-entering to crop, time for the application of plant protection products, plots) and continue the trainings in record keeping.

Direct programme in Nigeria

Key findings from the audit

  • Internal auditing and controlling in Nigeria is on an adequate level.
  • Child labour related topics are under control and the highest auditing scores received.
  • There are challenges related to identification on the basis of documents as it is not customary to carry identity documents, and e.g. birth certificates can be missing.
  • There has been a lack of personal protective equipment
  • Waste handling should be developed (burying is still used as a means for disposal).
  • More focus on the farmers’ health and safety.
  • Missing record keeping in a few areas, foe example, like cultivation register, diseases, productivity.
  • Environmental protection in many areas very good (wildlife protection, water protection).
  • Farmers have a good understanding of topics discussed during the trainings.
  • Good knowledge of GAP and good understanding of the social risks.

Development actions

  • Include farmer health and safety to a higher degree in the trainings
  • Provide personal protective equipment: 400 units provided.
  • Study possibilities to integrate waste disposal in the chemical management and disposal of chemicals.
  • Continue the child labour work.
  • Continue trainings in record keeping.
  • Continue the infrastructure projects based on needs assessment.