What are the Sustainable Farming Principles about?
- Fazer develops more sustainable grain farming in cooperation with the value chain and has launched 10 practical principles for sustainable farming.
- The objective is to reduce eutrophication, protect biodiversity and minimise the use of chemicals.
- The principles support the productivity of grain farming, as well as the effective use of resources. They also maintain the cultivability of soil in the long term.
- The initiative is part of Fazer's commitment to the Baltic Sea.
- Sustainable farming aims at minimising eutrophication of the Baltic Sea and waters and improve the cultivability of soil. Ten measures aim to keep nutrients in the fields – where they can be used by crops – and out of water systems.
- Fazer’s aim is for all of our grain in Finland and Sweden to comply with the principles of sustainable farming by 2025. Fazer is encouraging the adoption of the principles of sustainable farming as the minimum level in domestic farming.
Co-operation in the grain value chain
- We will pilot and develop the principles together with farmers. We will create a development plan.
- We monitor the development of all Finnish contract farms used by Fazer Mills with an annual survey. We will develop a method of monitoring the implementation and environmental impact at the pilot farms.
- We are prepared to re-evaluate and develop the principles with increased knowledge and experiences. The first re-evaluation of principles is planned for 2019.
Sustainable Farming Principles
Sustainable farming principles is a compilation of good practices, that already exist. Most of the principles are already being followed fully or partially. Some of the principles are also included in the criteria of the EU’s environmental subsidies.
The principles of sustainable farming have been created in cooperation with Finnish and Swedish stakeholders. Diverse groups such as farmers, producers' associations and environmental organisations have participated in the work.
- Minimise eutrophication: Measure nutrient balance every five years
- Minimise eutrophication: Prepare an annual crop plan
- Minimise eutrophication and the use of pesticides: Prepare a five-year crop rotation plan
- Minimise eutrophication: Perform a soil analysis every five years
- Minimise eutrophication: Adopt Precision Farming
- Minimise eutrophication: Use catch crops, winter crops or cultivate in the spring
- Minimise eutrophication: Use fertilizer enabling recirculation of nutrients without harming substances. No sludge.
- Protect biodiversity: Leave unfarmed/unsprayed areas with diverse vegetation
- Protect biodiversity: Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
- Minimise the use of chemicals: Minimise the use of straw-shortening agents